Nők a majmokért II. (Women for Monkeys)

2015.06.20 17:58

We speak lots about the „great names” as Jane Goodall and the tragical fate Dian Fossey, but do not talk about other giant persons who had taken lots for the monkeys and great apes.

In my previously article, title: Nők a majmokért (https://babybaboons.webnode.hu/news/nok-a-majmokert/) I wrote about Rita Miljo (Chacma Baboons), Biruté Galdikas (Borneo Orangutans), Francine Patterson (Western Lowland Gorilla, Koko), Claudine André (Bonobos), Sue Savage-Rumbaugh (Bonobo, Kanzi), Jane Goodall (Common Chimpanzees) and Dian Fossey (Mountain Gorillas), now I would like to present other fantastic females, who had given their life for these incredible creatures, but we do not know them (enough).


Carole Noon (1949 – 2009) – Common Chimpanzees (and other ex-lab monkeys)


Dr. Carole Noon, the founder of Save the Chimps, was born Carole Jean Cooney in Portland, Oregon on July 13, 1949. According to her sisters, Lee Asbeck and Kay Shelton, Carole demonstrated compassion for animals at an early age.



Carole spent part of her early childhood on an island in the South Pacific, where her father, William, had moved the family for a business venture. Her parents later divorced, and her mother, Dorothy, moved Carole and her sisters to Honolulu, Hawaii and later to Cleveland, Ohio. Carole met and married Michael Noon, and they established a business together. After ten years, the marriage ended and Carole began looking for a new path in life. She traveled extensively: to the Congo with her sister, and across the United States with her beloved dog, Zeke.


Carole enrolled in Florida Atlantic University (FAU) and attended a lecture by the world’s foremost chimpanzee expert, Dr. Jane Goodall. She knew then what her life’s goal was: to work with and help these remarkable beings who, despite the fact that they are so like us, had been exploited and harmed by humans both in the wild and in captivity. She sought the counsel of Dr. Goodall as well as primatologist, the Hungarian Dr. Géza Teleki and they encouraged her to continue her studies. She acquired a Bachelor’s from FAU, a Master’s degree from University of Florida and began her doctoral studies in biological anthropology at UF under Dr. Linda Wolfe. She gained experience with chimps wherever she could, primarily by observing them in zoos. Then Dr. Teleki introduced Carole to David and Sheila Siddle of Zambia, who were running a sanctuary for chimpanzees orphaned by the bushmeat trade in Africa. She lived and worked at the Chimfunshi sanctuary, completing her dissertation on the re-socialization of chimpanzees. She completed her PhD in 1996.



Carole founded the Save the Chimps, Inc. in 1997, in response to the US Air Force’s announcement that it was divesting itself of all of its chimpanzees, and placing them up for bid. More than 140 veterans or descendants of chimpanzees used in the early days of space research had the opportunity for retirement and Dr. Noon intended to give it to them. However, the Air Force rejected her bid to retire the chimpanzees, and sent most of them to The Coulston Foundation (TCF), a biomedical research lab with a history of violating the Animal Welfare Act. Dr. Noon sued the Air Force on the chimps’ behalf, and eventually settled out of court for custody of 21 chimps. In 2001, the chimps arrived at the sanctuary she built for them on 150 acres in Fort Pierce, Florida with the assistance of the Arcus Foundation. Her dream had been realized, but her life’s work had really only just begun.


Carol's realized dream: Save The Chimps Inc.


In 2002, TCF went bankrupt, and with a special grant from the Arcus Foundation, Carole and Save the Chimps purchased the lab in Alamogordo, New Mexico and rescued 266 chimpanzees and 61 monkeys, overnight becoming the world’s largest chimpanzee sanctuary (today too!). Carole worked tirelessly to improve their conditions, train staff to care for the chimps with compassion, raise funds for their care, oversee expansion of the sanctuary in Florida, and introduce the chimpanzees into families prior to their relocation to Florida. Dr. Carole Noon was incredibly charismatic and motivated others to share her love and devotion to chimpanzees. Carole passed away early on May 2, 2009, of pancreatic cancer. She was in her home at Save the Chimps, within sight and sound of the chimpanzee islands, and in the company of her sisters. The sounds of the chimpanzees starting their day reverberated through the air as she slipped away.


Dr. Jan Ramer (ca. 1950s - ) – Mountain Gorillas


Jan a legendary vet of Gorilla Doctors team at Africa, she leaded the group more years and was Regional Manager at Rwanda. The MGVP (Mountain Gorilla Veterinary project) staff work in three countries: Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mountain gorillas are found only in Central Africa and only in two regions: the Virunga Massif mountain range that includes the Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda, the Virunga National Park in the DRC, and the Mgahinga National Park in Uganda; and the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park in Uganda.

The field veterinarians in each country work together whenever possible. The regional headquarters are centrally located in Musanze, Rwanda - an hour's drive from both the DRC and Uganda. The project maintains its international headquarters in Maryland, USA, and its regional headquarters in Ruhengeri (Musanze), Rwanda.



Jan learnt at Purdue University from 1974 till 1978 and had taken her B.Sc. Degree from Biology, after she went in 1991 at University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine and had become Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) in 1995.



Jan worked as animal keeper and lead keeper at the Indianapolis Zoo and Chicago Zoological Society, later had become Clinical Vet and Instructor at the Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center. Smaller pauses she from August of 2009 helps the work of Gorilla Doctors in the wild, Africa.


Lone Drøscher Nielsen (1964 - ) - Borneo Orangutans


Lone born at November 4, in 1964. She is a Danish wildlife conservationist who established the Nyaru Menteng Orangutan Reintroduction Project in Kalimantan (Borneo, Indonesia) in 1998.


She was born and grew up in Denmark, encountered her first orangutan while volunteering as a fourteen-year-old at Aalborg Zoo.

Later, when she was working as a flight attendant with Scandinavian Airlines, she volunteered for a month-long project in Borneo and here she came into contact with orangutans again.

In 1996, Lone moved permanently to Borneo to help save the orangutan from extinction.



Lone sought the advice of Dr Willie Smits of the Borneo Orangutan Survival (BOS) Foundation about the possibility of creating a new project in Central Kalimantan to deal with the swelling numbers of orphaned orangutans. Smits agreed to help and with the financial backing of the Gibbon Foundation and BOS Indonesia, Lone founded the Nyaru Menteng Orangutan Reintroduction Project in 1998.

The sanctuary was designed to hold up to 100 orphaned orangutans while they go through rehabilitation. In addition to quarantine cages, medical clinic, and nursery, the sanctuary had a large area of forest in which orangutans could learn the skills needed to live in the wild.



Nyaru Menteng quickly became one of the largest primate rescue project in the world, with over 600 orphaned and displaced orangutans in its care in 2009.

Many of these orangutans are only weeks old when they arrive and all of them are psychologically traumatized.

Babies and young orangutans brought to the centre are cared for 24 hours a day by a team of "babysitters". As they grow and learn they are then taken to "forest school" where they learn, still with staff present, to climb trees and survive in the forest. At the age of about eight years, they are relocated in groups of around 25 to a neighbouring island for the first stage in their release.



Lone lives near the Nyaru Menteng Rescue Center, managing a specialized clinic of veterinarians and paramedics as well as a workforce of local Indonesians who work as babysitters caring for the orphaned orangutans in the center. In 2010 she was forced to leave Borneo and returned to Europe due to a life-threatening illness but returned in late 2012.

Nyaru Menteng has been featured on Animal Planet, BBC and Discovery Channel too.


Gloria Grow (? - ) – Common Chimpanzees


The Fauna Foundation is the only Chimpanzee Sanctuary in Canada. Located just outside Chambly, near Montreal, the Foundation was established in 1997 by Gloria Grow and Dr. Richard Allan on their 150 acre (0.61 km2) farm. Its primary objective, the rescue and care of chimpanzees who have been used in research, began in the wake of the shutdown of LEMSIP. Gloria told that her life mission is “to help for the animals”.



In 1997, the Fauna Foundation expanded it’s mission by establishing a chimpanzee retirement home for a group of 15 chimpanzees that were being retired from a research laboratory in New York state. Eight of these 15 chimpanzees were HIV+, making the Fauna Foundation the first sanctuary in the world to retire HIV+ infected chimpanzees. This resulted in the Fauna Foundation gaining international respect and recognition for its work in providing sanctuary for retired chimpanzees.



In 2002 Fauna housed more than 250 rescued animals, most of whom were from the farming industry, abandoned pets, animals taken from horrible situations; dogs used in veterinary school training, animals from zoos and laboratories, including monkeys and chimpanzees and animals rescued from summer exhibits who, at seasons’ end, would have been killed.

The residents today 6 Cows, 1 Donkey, 1 Horse, 1 Potbelly Pig, 7 Goats, 4 Ducks, 3 Swans, 30 Geese (numbers vary), 1 Llama, 4 Rabbits, 7 Chickens, 4 Monkeys, 12 Chimpanzees, 15 Cats and 3 Dogs.



Fauna Foundation was awarded the Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries (GFAS) accreditation in February 2012, which was a first in Canada.