Where are our responsibility?

2015.02.03 16:19

As you know, we hear lot of about the little number of Great Apes in the wide and about that awfully important work than we safe these creatures. But “nobody” or very little person speaks about those animals (yes, first of all Great Apes and greater shapes monkeys: Baboons, Gibbons, Rhesus and Macaques) who live in Zoos, rehabilitation centers, laboratory or ex-laboratory individuals. They are here yet, we must deal with they too.


Sue-Ellen, ex-laporatory Chimpanzee, b. 1968, now lives in Canada


I believe, the most Zoo does not adequate for keeping the animals. As I see, for the Great Apes and clever monkeys have the following solutions:

  1. They live in the wild and we safe them by law (and punish the hunters and illegal trade)

  2. To the rehabilitation, reintegration, injured and orphan individuals we need operate sanctuaries, inside and semi-wide outside enclosure. It is same as the wild.

  3. Lot of Zoo are in the Globe. On the WAZA's (World Association of Zoos and Aquariums) list are only 1.300 “core” Zoo (see the list: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_WAZA_member_zoos_and_aquariums), lot of institution, wildlife park, mini zoo does not member of the international organization. Moreover, at the most zoos do not adequate the “development”, education of Great Apes and monkeys, have a (in good case!) ca. adequate in- and outside enclosure, and the humans do not deal, pay attention (separately) with the heads. At a zoo an animal does not wild animal more. Neither wild, nor domestic (=pet). They are on a special borderline between the two. Therefore the impoverished environment does not good for these smart animals. More genus nervous from visitors (see the behaviour of Gorillas who are by default too shy, introverted creatures with their close family) or the Chimps with “delirious” hormones, therefore the plus game with humans and the toys (soft and creative) are essential for the Great Apes and Baboons, Gibbons and Macaques. The most zoo does not give their Apes and monkeys such toys, does not guess creative activity (parties, games) for the animals, that is incorrect! At a zoo the Great Apes and monkey need:

  • the “developer-work”, game by humans with the individuals (need manage the hierarchy relations too with pedagogical and psychological tools)

  • the soft- and creative (human kid) toys

    because these individuals bored and demented in their actual circumstances at the zoos.


Maszat (Hamadryas Baboon) at Budapest Zoo, lowest ranking feemale


They are here yet (the humans caught they in their living place at the wild in Africa or Asia; or born in a zoo, lab and live, lived their all of life in close), share of our life, we need help to lift up quality of their life... and teach them: “you renowned the humans out, not the humans/visitors you”, “you play with that visitor who is likeable to you”, because your life will be better. And: we need give love too and if we give, they will learn to accept that. Lot of time in the zoos the keepers, the management do not love their animals. Supply them, giving foods, cleaning the enclosure and do not interesting the animal's soul, emotions, thinking.

The closeness is closeness.

The individuals want to seek the contact with humans in captivity, especially, that human shows honest interest and -emotion toward the head... and does not all the same to sit all of the day in center of the jungle beside the trees or to sit all of the days in a tiled- or plastic floor.



Some data, I comparable UNESCO-, IUCN Red List-, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health data.


Great Apes:

  • Number of Bonobo in the wild were between 29.500-50.000 individuals. After the civil war nowadays only 7-9.000 individuals live in Congo.

  • Common chimpanzees: between 170.000-300.000 individuals in Central and west Africa.

  • Eastern Lowland Gorilla: ca. 5.000 individuals at Democratic Republic of the Congo.

  • Mountain Gorilla ca. 600-700 individuals in Rwanda and Uganda.

  • Western Lowland Gorilla population is approximately 95.000 individuals.

  • Only 200-300 of the other western gorilla subspecies, the Cross River Gorilla in Cameroon and Nigeria.

  • Sumatran Orangutan: 6.600 in Sumatran (Indonesia)

  • (Northwest) Bornean Orangutan: N.D. Orangutans total number: between 50-100.000 individuals. Bornean Orangutans live in the wide (professional literature) ca. 50.000 individuals.

Pepi, 40 yo ex-lab Chimpanzee, infected by HIV and Hepatitis-C virus, lives now at Affen Refugium, Austria


Some “interesting” baboon data:

  • Chacma Baboon: N.D. of IUCN (At South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal Province (KZN) lives ca. 11.000 individuals.)

  • Hamadryas Baboon: N.D. of IUCN. Djibouti around 2.000 individuals. Common within their limited distribution. Arabian populations becoming dependent on humans may be at risk. The Papio Hamadryas has been exterminated in Egypt and reduced in numbers in other areas. Much of its former range has been brought under cultivation, leading to conflicts with people. It is principally found in Ethiopia, although its range extends from the Red Sea Hills and Suakin (Sudan) through Eritrea and Djibouti (especially in the Goda Mountains) to northern Somalia. It is also found in the Red Sea Hills in the south-west Arabian Peninsula opposite the Horn of Africa at Saudi-Arabia and South-West Yemen (Jabal Bura National Park).

  • Yellow Baboon: N.D. of IUCN

  • Anubis Baboon: N.D. of IUCN

  • Guinea Baboon: N.D. of IUCN

Source: amnh.org (One day of a female Hamadryas Baboon in captivity, zoo.)


I think, data of the baboons are food for thought and seriousness of the Red List too.


The human blood type chart. Do you know, the Chimpanzees have only A or 0 blood type? See, most of the humans have also A and 0 blood type.